Understanding Electrical Wiring (Home Edition)

electrical wiringIt is important to understand the electrical wiring in your home, whether you do repairs yourself or whether you have an electrician come and do it for you. Understanding the type of wiring in your home and how electrical fixtures work is important for your knowledge as well as safety.

Most homes have two hot wires, into which one neutral wire will be inserted. These common types of electrical outlets or circuits will supply a current of 240/120 volts and the actual amount of voltage that you will receive will be slightly less than 230/115 volts. This is called single-phased power, and this is what most residential homes have for their basic house wiring systems.

The current, or the power that enters your home through these different electrical circuits or sockets is called alternating current. Alternating current is what is used to transport current or electricity to your home over long distances. Small electrical devices that don’t require much power and low voltage lighting will usually operate on a 115-volt power outlet. You will get a 115-volt power outlet when you combine a neutral and a hot wire. Large items or heavy duty items that require much more electricity to run on like dryers, ranges or hot water tanks will require both neutrals and hot wires in order to achieve a power of 230 volts.

Handling basic house wiring can be quite dangerous so it is important that you take all possible precautionary measures while handling electrical circuits in your home. Also find out from your neighbors or from the local building department about how much electricity load your house can take and what load each room of the house can take before installing appliances like air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines, etc. If the electricity load in a room exceeds the limitations, you will have to install circuit breakers for that room circuit in the main circuit box that powers your entire home.

Contact us at www.artisanelectric.com for more information or to speak with a professional about helping you with Residential Wiring.


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